Erectile Dysfunction – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

If you are regularly facing problems in getting or keeping an erection, chances may be that you’re suffering from erectile dysfunction. Impotence can be caused by underlying physical health problems and it can be long-lasting, which is why treatment is absolutely needed.


What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is the condition where a man is marred by the inability to get or maintain an erection firm enough to have sexual intercourse. Sometimes, ED is also referred to as impotence.

However, one thing to understand is that occasionally these symptoms may be encountered due to stress or other factors. But, if you are experiencing these symptoms frequently, it can be a sign of erectile dysfunction and will require proper treatment.


What Are The Symptoms of ED?

You may have erectile dysfunction if you are encountering these symptoms regularly –

  • Problem in getting an erection
  • Difficulty in maintaining an erection during sex
  • Reduced or lack of interest in sex


All men have problems with erections at some point or the other in their lives. If it happens occasionally, it is nothing to worry about. But, if these symptoms have become a part of your life, then it is probably time to raise an alarm. You should talk to your doctor if you are encountering these symptoms regularly. Your doctor will carry out the required tests to determine the underlying health conditions that are causing the symptoms.


What Are The Causes Of Erectile Dysfunction?

There are many factors which may interfere with a male’s ability to get an erection or maintain it. The most common factor is age. There are many probable causes for ED, and can include both emotional and physical factors.

Common causes of erectile dysfunction are –

  • Cardiovascular problems
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Damage from cancer or surgery
  • Injuries
  • Obesity
  • Aging
  • Anxiety and stress
  • Relationship problems
  • Drug use
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol use



What Are The Treatments Available for ED?

The treatment for erectile dysfunction will be determined by the underlying cause. Your condition may require the use of a combination of treatments, including medication, lifestyle changes, or therapy.

  • Medications

Medication can help manage the symptoms of ED. The doctor may ask you to try several medications to know which one is the most effective for you. Medications may have side effects, so understand the side effects, if any, before taking the medication.

  • Alternative treatment

Alternative or complementary treatments include nutritional supplements, herbal remedies, acupuncture, and talk therapy, and can be effective in treating erectile dysfunction. But, before you avail any alternative treatment, talk to your doctor about it. Herbs and supplements that have been successful in the treatment of ED are L-arginine, DHEA, ginseng, Yohimbe and Asparagus Racemosus.

  • Counseling

If the underlying cause of ED is psychological or emotional issues, consultation with a counselor or therapist can help.

  • Pelvic floor muscle exercises

Research studies have proved that men saw improvement in penile function with regular pelvic floor muscles exercises, and after six months, most men regained normal erectile function.

  • Vacuum devices

Vacuum erection devices can mechanically help produce an erection for those who do not want or cannot use drug treatments.

  • Surgical treatments

Surgery treatment is the last resort to treating ED. The surgical treatments available are penile implants and vascular surgery. But, surgical treatments are considered when medications and non-invasive treatments do no show effective results. The recovery time can vary depending upon the procedure, but the success rates are usually high.


If you think you have erectile dysfunction, there’s nothing to panic. Talk to your doctor and start with the treatment. Treatment, together with a few lifestyle changes, can really help you get things under control.

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